Alcohol has no meals cost and is highly limited in its action as a remedial agent. Dr. Henry Monroe says, “every type of substance employed by means of man as meals consists of sugar, starch, oil and glutinous count number mingled collectively in numerous proportions. These are designed for the help of the animal body. The glutinous standards of food fibrine, albumen and casein are hired to build up the structure at the same time as the oil, starch, and sugar are chiefly used to generate warmth in the frame”.
Now it is clear that if alcohol is a meal, it will be found to contain one or more of these substances. There ought to be in it either the nitrogenous factors found mainly in meats, eggs, milk, veggies, and seeds, out of which animal tissue is constructed and waste repaired or the carbonaceous elements located in fat, starch, and sugar, within the intake of which warmness and force are advanced.
“The distinctness of those corporations of foods,” says Dr. Hunt, “and their family members to the tissue-generating and warmth-evolving capacities of man, are so exact and so showed through experiments on animals and with the aid of manifold exams of medical, physiological and scientific experience, that no try and discard the type has prevailed. To draw so instantly a line of demarcation as to limit the only totally to tissue or cell production and the opposite to warmness and pressure manufacturing via regular combustion and to deny any power of interchangeability below unique needs or amid faulty supply of one variety is, indeed, untenable. This does not inside the least invalidate the reality that we’re able to use those as ascertained landmarks”.
How those materials whilst taken into the frame, are assimilated and the way they generate force, are widely recognized to the chemist and physiologist, who is able, in the mild of nicely-ascertained legal guidelines, to determine whether alcohol does or does now not possess a meals fee. For years, the ablest guys within the scientific career have given this issue the maximum careful examine, and feature subjected alcohol to each known take a look at and test, and the result is that it has been, by means of not unusual consent, excluded from the magnificence of tissue-building ingredients. “We have never,” says Dr. Hunt, “visible but an unmarried inspiration that it may so act, and this a promiscuous guess. One creator (Hammond) thinks it viable that it is able to ‘by some means’ enter into the mixture with the products of degradation in tissues, and ‘under positive circumstances would possibly yield their nitrogen to the development of recent tissues.’ No parallel in natural chemistry, nor any evidence in animal chemistry, can be discovered to surround this bet with the areola of a likely hypothesis”.
Dr. Richardson says: “Alcohol incorporates no nitrogen; it has none of the qualities of structure-building meals; it is incapable of being converted into any of them; it is, consequently, now not a meal in any feel of its being an optimistic agent in building up the frame.” Dr. W.B. Carpenter says: “Alcohol can’t deliver something that is important to the authentic vitamins of the tissues.” Dr. Liebig says: “Beer, wine, spirits, and many others., furnish no detail able to entering into the composition of the blood, muscular fiber, or any element that is the seat of the principle of lifestyles.” Dr. Hammond, in his Tribune Lectures, wherein he advocates the use of alcohol in certain instances, says: “It is not demonstrable that alcohol undergoes conversion into tissue.” Cameron, in his Manuel of Hygiene, says: “There is nothing in alcohol with which any part of the body can be nourished.” Dr. E. Smith, F.R.S., says: “Alcohol isn’t always real food. It interferes with alimentation.” Dr. T.K. Chambers says: “It is apparent that we need to stop to regard alcohol, as in any feel, a food”.
“The first usual test for a pressure-generating food,” says Dr. Hunt, “and that to which other ingredients of that magnificence respond, is the manufacturing of heat in the combination of oxygen therewith. This heat way essential force, and is, in no small diploma, a degree of the comparative value of the so-referred to as breathing meals. If we look at the fats, the starches, and the sugars, we can trace and estimate the tactics by means of which they evolve heat and are modified into essential force, and may weigh the capacities of various ingredients. We find that the consumption of carbon with the aid of union with oxygen is the law, that heat is the product, and that the legitimate end result is a force, while the result of the union of the hydrogen of the ingredients with oxygen is water. If alcohol comes at all below this class of meals, we rightly count on to locate some of the evidence which attach to the hydrocarbons.”
What, then, is the result of experiments in this direction? They had been carried out via lengthy durations and with the greatest care, by way of men of the very best attainments in chemistry and physiology, and the end result is given in these few words, with the aid of Dr. H.R. Wood, Jr., in his Materia Medica. “No one has been able to hit upon within the blood any of the regular outcomes of its oxidation.” That is, nobody has been able to discover that alcohol has undergone combustion, like fats, or starch, or sugar, and so given warmth to the body.
Instead of increasing it; and it has even been used in fevers as an anti-pyretic. So uniform has been the testimony of physicians in Europe and America as to the cooling outcomes of alcohol, that Dr. Wood says, in his Materia Medica, “that it does now not seem well worth whilst to occupy the area with a dialogue of the situation.” Liebermeister, one of the most found out individuals to Zeimssen’s Cyclopaedia of the Practice of Medicine, 1875, says: “I long seeing that satisfied myself, by means of direct experiments, that alcohol, even in comparatively massive doses, does no longer increase the temperature of the frame in either nicely or ill people.” So properly had this end up acknowledged to Arctic voyagers, that, even before physiologists had demonstrated the fact that alcohol reduced, instead of growing, the temperature of the frame, that they had learned that spirits lessened their power to face up to intense bloodless. “In the Northern areas,” says Edward Smith, “it was proved that the entire exclusion of spirits turned into necessary if you want to retain heat beneath those detrimental situations.”